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Science 3.0

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Science 3.0: The future of science in the internet

Opening Science

The concept of "Science 2.0" was introduced to describe the new generation of online-based tools for researchers allowing easier data sharing, collaboration and publishing. The next wave would be "Science 3.0". Here are some of my thoughts about Science 3.0:

  • Teif V.B. (2014). On the Sociology of Science 2.0. In "Opening Science: The Evolving Guide on How the Internet is Changing Research, Collaboration and Scholarly Publishing", Eds. S. Bartling, S. Friesike. Springer, 2014. | Order book online
  • Teif V.B. (2013). Science 3.0: Corrections to the Science 2.0 paradigm. | ArXiv:1301.2522 |

Here is the previous (outdated) version entitled "Science 3.0: The future of science in the internet" .

The links bellow refer to the current state of online science, the so-called "Science 2.0" (unrelated to the "Science 3.0" manuscript)

Scientific forums. Historically, online discussions started from mailing lists (now rarely used) and forums (still actively used today). There are several successful forums in the field of molecular biology, each of the forums below having about 20,000 registered users:

Personal blogs. Personal blogs now tend to aggregate into large systems of peer-reviewed (!) or semi peer-reviewed blogging communities. Below are the links to main hubs of scientific blogs.

Brainstorming hubs. Currently there are not many of them, probably because the methodology has yet to be developed. They offer money for solutions of realistic problems such as patent data search or commercially relevant developments by connecting problem solvers with problem providers. Here are several selected web sites:,,,,

Scientific (social) networking. This is a trend in online science, which follows a general trend of social networking on the web. Main sites which already connect about a million of scientists are,,, Nature Network and A list including some less known sites can be found here.

Selection of interesting discussions about Science 2.0:

Science 2.0 and real-name policy | Three myths about scientific peer review | What is the number of active scientists online? | Who are the "active scientists online" | Cyberscience without scientists? | Science 2.0 and real-name policy | Impact factor | Peer review credits |